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Who was the first African American in space?

Find out who the first African American in space was.

The suit used by astronauts is sealed to protect the individual from the harsh elements of space. [©Shutterstock, 2010]
©Shutterstock, 2010
The suit used by astronauts is sealed to protect the individual from the harsh elements of space.

Guion S. Bluford, Jr. (b. 1942) became the first African-American in space during the Space Shuttle Challenger mission STS-8 (August 30-September 5, 1983).

Astronaut Bluford, who holds a Ph.D. in aerospace engineering, made a second shuttle flight aboard Challenger mission STS-61-A/Spacelab D1 (October 30-November 6, 1985).

The first African-American man to fly in space was the Cuban cosmonaut, Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez, who flew aboard Soyuz 38 and spent eight days aboard the Soviet space station Salyut 6 during September 1980.

Dr. Mae C. Jemison became the first African-American woman in space on September 12, 1992 aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour, mission Spacelab-J.

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