Find out who the first African American in space was.
Guion S. Bluford, Jr. (b. 1942) became the first African-American in space during the Space Shuttle Challenger mission STS-8 (August 30-September 5, 1983).
Astronaut Bluford, who holds a Ph.D. in aerospace engineering, made a second shuttle flight aboard Challenger mission STS-61-A/Spacelab D1 (October 30-November 6, 1985).
The first African-American man to fly in space was the Cuban cosmonaut, Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez, who flew aboard Soyuz 38 and spent eight days aboard the Soviet space station Salyut 6 during September 1980.
Dr. Mae C. Jemison became the first African-American woman in space on September 12, 1992 aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour, mission Spacelab-J.