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Who invented the compound microscope?

Find out who invented the compound microscope.

Compound microscopes have at least two lenses. [©Shutterstock, 2010]
©Shutterstock, 2010
Compound microscopes have at least two lenses.

The principle of the compound microscope, in which two or more lenses are arranged to form an enlarged image of an object, occurred independently at about the same time to more than one person.

Certainly many opticians were active at the end of the 16th century, especially in Holland, in the construction of telescopes, so that it is likely that the idea of the microscope may have occurred to several of them independently.

In all probability, the date may be placed within the period 1590-1609, and the credit should go to three spectacle makers in Holland. Hans Janssen, his son Zacharias (1580-1638), and Hans Lippershey (1570-1619) have all been cited at various times as deserving chief credit.

An Englishman, Robert Hooke (1635-1703) was the first to make the best use of a compound microscope, and his book Micrographia, published in 1665, contains some of the most beautiful drawings of microscopic observations ever made.

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