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Who developed the poliomyelitis vaccine in America?

Which immunologist is credited for developing the polio vaccine?

A child receives a polio vaccination. [©Shutterstock, 2010]
©Shutterstock, 2010
A child receives a polio vaccination.

Immunologist Jonas E. Salk (1914-1995) developed the first vaccine (made from a killed-virus) against poliomyelitis.

In 1952 he prepared and tested the vaccine and in 1954 massive field tests were successfully undertaken. Two years later immunologist Dr. Albert Sabin (1906-1993) developed an oral vaccine made from inactivated live viruses of three polio strains.

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