Learn about the planes that carried the historical atomic bombs.
During World War II, the Enola Gay, a modified Boeing B-29 bomber, dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan at 8:15 a.m. on August 6, 1945. It was piloted by Col. Paul W. Tibbets, Jr. (b. 1915) of Miami, Florida. The bombardier was Maj. Thomas W. Ferebee of Mocksville, North Carolina. Bomb designer Capt. William S. Parsons was aboard as an observer.
Three days later, another B-29 called Bock's Car dropped a second bomb on Nagasaki, Japan. The Japanese surrendered unconditionally on August 15, which confirmed the American belief that a costly and bloody invasion of Japan could be avoided at Japanese expense.
The Enola Gay is currently undergoing restoration at the National Air and Space Museum's Silver Hill, Maryland facility. Bock's Car is on display at the U.S. Air Force Museum, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio.