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How to Wireless Router

Learn about the connectivity tool that is the wireless router.

With proper configuration, a wireless router can create a home or business wireless network and internet connection. [©Shutterstock, 2010]
©Shutterstock, 2010
With proper configuration, a wireless router can create a home or business wireless network and internet connection.

What is a wireless router?

A wireless router affords laptop or portable computer users greater mobility in their homes or businesses. In most home networks, wireless routers are connected to a cable or DSL modem, and the router sends the signals and information that make up an Internet Protocol (IP) thread to the user's computer via radio signals rather than wires. To communicate with the wireless router, individual computers house transceivers such as an internal expansion card, a peripheral docked by USB or, in the case of laptops, a PC card or hard-wired internal device. For those accessing the Internet through a high-speed connection, a wireless router can also serve as a hardware firewall (as opposed to a software program), enabling protection from undesirable outside computers without exhausting as many system resources as traditional firewall programs.

How do you install a wireless router?

First, turn off your PC and modem, then remove the Ethernet cable from the PC and plug it into the router's WAN port. Install a second Ethernet cable between the PC's Ethernet port and one of the router's Ethernet ports. Power your modem, router and PC, waiting for the system to boot and initialize before attempting an Internet connection. Most routers are programmed with the manufacturer's default settings, including the network's name or service set identifier (SSID), channel and sign-on password. These default settings generally may be changed afterward using included software or a manufacturer-provided online setup utility. Configure the router by entering the router configuration IP address at the URL provided, followed by the configuration utility ID and the default password.

How can I connect printers to wireless routers?

Check the documentation that came with your printer to determine how it's designed to connect to computers. Connections made through Ethernet, USB and (obsolescent) parallel ports are common, but newer printers are sometimes wireless-enabled and allow you to simply add them to your wireless network.

How can I find the IP address of my wireless router?

Refer to the owner's manual for your particular wireless router. Inside, find the default IP address and the default login info. If you own a Linksys router, a popular brand, the IP address is usually 192.168.1.1. Two other popular brands, D-Link and Netgear, generally use 192.168.0.1.

How do you connect two wireless routers?

Bridging two wireless routers involves configuring both networks manually. Visit each network location - which should be recognized by your computer automatically - and configure the appropriate Service Set Identifier (SSID), Wireless Encryption Protocol (WEP) or WiFi Protected Access (WPA) key and authentication information. Make sure you know the SSID and WEP or WPA key ahead of time.

How do I connect Xbox 360 to a wireless router?

Connecting an Xbox 360 to a wireless router allows you to use Xbox Live without physically connecting your Xbox to a cable. Power up your Xbox system and the router, then plug the wireless networking adapter into the two slots at the Xbox's rear. Unplug any existing Ethernet cables and connect the USB connector to the port adjacent to the adapter. Use the system area of the Xbox dashboard to adjust your network settings. This should connect you to the wireless network.

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