Bowling is one of the oldest and most enduringly popular sports in existence.
People have enjoyed bowling for thousands of years. Bowling pins and balls were even discovered in the tomb of an ancient Egyptian king who died in 5,200 BC, according to the official Web site of the Professional Bowlers Association.
Bowling remains a popular sport today. Eighty-five percent of the American population has gone bowling at least once, according to Active.com. However, when it comes to technique, many people simply roll the ball down the lane without much thought. A few simple tips can help beginning bowlers improve their game.
Modern bowling games consist of 10 frames. Each frame represents one turn for a player, who gets to roll the ball twice per frame, if necessary.
The bowling ball is rolled down a 60-foot lane that is 42 inches wide. Bowlers make an approach, which means they walk down a 15-foot area to roll the ball down the lane, aiming it at the pins at the end. Gutters line both sides of the lane. The goal is to knock down as many pins as possible.
Ten pins stand in four rows, with a single pin in the first row, two pins in the second row, three in the third row, and four in the fourth row.
If all pins are knocked down, the player records a strike and doesn't bowl again during the frame. If the player knocks down all pins by the second roll of the frame, the player records a spare.
Regulation pins are 15 inches high and manufactured out of hard maple. Regulation bowling balls weigh 10 to 16 pounds.
If the player does not knock down all of the pins in two tries, the number of pins knocked down is simply entered onto the score sheet for that frame. In the event of a spare, the player marks down a slash and does not enter a score until bowling the next frame. The number of pins knocked down in the first roll of the subsequent frame plus 10 points is added to the score.
In the event of a strike, the number of pins knocked down in both rolls of the subsequent frame, plus 10 points, is added to the score. A strike is recorded as an X.
A perfect game, 12 strikes, is 300 points. Two additional rolls are added to the 10 frames if the bowler gets a strike in the tenth frame.
According to USBC Coaching and Bowlers Paradise, beginning bowlers can improve their game by following these tips: