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A lot of people have heard of ENIAC the first large electronic computer but what was MANIAC?

What is computer-speak for "father"? It might be MANIAC.

The computers of today bear little resemblance to the large electronic computers of the past. [©Shutterstock, 2010]
©Shutterstock, 2010
The computers of today bear little resemblance to the large electronic computers of the past.

MANIAC (mathematical analyzer, numerator, integrator, and computer) was built at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory under the direction of Nicholas C. Metropolis between 1948 and 1952.

It was one of several different copies of the high-speed computers built by John von Neumann (1903-1957) for the Institute for Advanced Studies (IAS).

It was constructed primarily for use in the development of atomic energy applications, specifically the hydrogen bomb.

It was originated with the work on ENIAC (electronic numerical integrator and computer), the first fully operational large-scale electronic digital computer.

ENIAC was built at the Moore School of Electrical Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania between 1943 and 1946. Its builders, John Prosper Eckert, Jr., and John William Mauchly (1907-1980), virtually launched the modern era of the computer with ENIAC.

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